Art criticism encompasses a wide variety of approaches, from critical commentary to more subjective emotional reactions inspired by viewing works of art.
An art critics help viewers perceive, interpret, and judge artworks. Critics tend to focus more on modern and contemporary art from cultures close to their own.
The art critic is one of the most sought after persons in this creative field. For one, it’s always good to have someone to bounce their ideas on, gain qualified feedback or just for pre-sharing. On the other hand, critics sometimes reflect the views of the public or potential client and at times act as a yardstick to measure the presented work against standards that they should be well familiar with. A critic must be knowledgeable of elements such as the techniques, language, style, perspective, perception. At the same time they must be able to see as the artists, and beyond the artist, to make sound and balanced judgment, after accurate interpretations. In the end benefiting artists, whether performing of visual benefit and garner great financial rewards. In brief critiquing art calls for four stages:
First at all, answers the question, “What do you see?” In their own words tell a tale of what they see: The name of the artist who created the artwork; The kind of an artwork is it; The name of the artwork; Date of creation; Name and relate other major events in history that occurred at the same time this artwork was created; List the literal or recognized objects in the painting (trees, people, animals, mountains, rivers, etc.). g. What they notice at first sight? Why? The colours used, their hues, applications; the recognised shapes, their structure, texture, edges, outline the recognised lines and types; the textures; the connotated time of day; the overall visual effect or mood of the work
Before the critics have their description, they continue to answer the question, “How did the artist do it?” to describe how the artist uses them to organize and balance the elements, and then weigh the balance of outcome.
In this stage, they apply their training, experience, expertise and factual knowledge in translating in their own thoughts and words the artwork set before them.
After careful observation, analysis, and interpretation of an artwork, critics must make their own judgment. This is their personal evaluation based on their understanding and measurements. They must also evaluate the success of the work against the aim, objective.
Is it a good artwork? What evidence inside or outside the artwork relates to each criterion? Based on the criteria and evidence, what is their judgment about the quality of the artwork? Are some question must be answer.